When Should You Spay or Neuter Your Puppy?

illustration of why to spay or neuter puppies

Spaying or neutering pups is a responsible method to care for your pet, and knowing when to do it is crucial. Female puppies mature faster than you would assume. They can get pregnant as young as 5 or 6 months old, and most dogs have two litters every year.

Spaying and Neutering

Altering, sterilizing, and neutering are all terms for surgery performed by a veterinarian to remove a male or female animal's reproductive organs, rendering them sterile. A male dog's testicles are removed during castration. The female dog's ovaries and uterus are removed during an ovariohysterectomy, sometimes known as a spay.

Why Spay and Neuter

Surgery can help avoid undesired litters and minimize the risk of breast cancer and testicular cancer.

Roaming, fighting, excessive urine marking, and mounting visitors' legs are all irritating and even hazardous amorous behaviors that may be eliminated by spaying and neutering. Intact male dogs are twice as likely as neutered male dogs to be struck by a car, which is a huge concern because car accidents may be deadly or highly serious for pets. The operations also aid in the prevention of aggressive behavior, sores, and messy canine vaginal secretions, as well as hazardous uterine infections like as pyometra. Consult your veterinarian if you have any concerns about sterilizing your dog.

Personality Changes

Unaltered cats and dogs are just as devoted, protective, and trainable as spayed and neutered cats and dogs, if not more so since they aren't distracted when love is in the air. Desexing has been linked to an increased risk of obesity in dogs of both sexes in several studies. As a result of their lower caloric requirement, spayed or neutered pets are fed somewhat less than intact pets. Your veterinarian can assist you in determining the appropriate feeding quantity for your pet. In general, personality changes in spayed or neutered pets are uncommon, and they remain lively, protective, devoted, and intelligent whether or not they can procreate.

The Best Age for Surgery

Many vets will spay or neuter small or medium-sized dogs around the age of six months, whereas big breed dogs will be spayed or neutered between the ages of ten and eighteen months.

Because the data and recommendations differ and are continuously changing, we urge that you listen to your veterinarian's opinion on this. Delaying for a few months may help the puppy to achieve superior physical development, which is vital for competitive needs.

The Surgery

During operation, puppies are totally sedated and will not experience any pain. Anesthetics are commonly injected or breathed, however this depends on the pet and the doctor. Heart rate, respiration, and oxygenation are all monitored while your pet is under anesthesia, although this varies according on the location and type of facility your pet is in, as well as hospital practice.

The spay procedure on female puppies will need an abdominal incision. For males, the surgical incision is done immediately in front of or directly above the scrotal sac, according on the veterinarian's preference. An abdominal incision may be required if one or both testicles have not yet descended into the scrotum.

Home Care After Surgery

Until the anaesthetic wears off, pets frequently act a little dizzy. The majority of pets are returned to their owners the same day and are up and walking within hours. Following surgery, limit your pet's activity for two weeks, which means no running, leaping, or walking. Most vet clinics recommend only permitting brief leash potty breaks for dogs within two weeks of surgery, but check with your veterinarian.

Allowing your pet to lick the wounds is extremely crucial since even a few minutes of licking might induce infection or open up the incision, requiring your pet to return to surgery to have it corrected. Your veterinarian may suggest an Elizabethan collar or cone to help avoid this.

Check the operation site for swelling, redness, leaking, or torn stitches every day following surgery. These issues are uncommon, but they can arise if pets are very active in the two weeks following surgery, or lick and chew on their wounds.

Spays and neuters are a popular procedure suggested by veterinarians to help avoid breast and testicular cancer, male dogs getting hit by automobiles in pursuit of females, pyometra (a serious, life-threatening infection of the uterus), pet overpopulation, and many other problems. There may be a medical need to postpone surgery in some circumstances, so consult your veterinarian and prepare appropriately. However, the majority of veterinarians suggest sterilization for the ordinary companion dog.

If you suspect your pet is sick, call your vet immediately. For health-related questions, always consult your veterinarian, as they have examined your pet, know the pet's health history, and can make the best recommendations for your pet.

CITATION

"Neutering in Dogs. VCA Hospitals.", "Spaying in Dogs. VCA Hospitals.", "Urfer, Silvan R, and Matt Kaeberlein. Desexing Dogs: A Review of the Current LiteratureAnimals : an open access journal from MDPI vol. 9,12 1086. 5 Dec. 2019, doi:10.3390/ani9121086", "When should I spay or neuter my pet? American Animal Hospital Association." ;

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