Many people have had the unlucky experience of having to euthanize their horse. Making the decision to put a horse down is difficult, and you will undoubtedly experience strong emotions before, during, and after the event.
A lot of guilt comes with the pain of losing a friend. You'll still worry if you're doing the right thing if the horse is really old, has internal problems, a is born with major deformities, or has been in a tragic accident with no decision to make. But this is the cost of loving these animals, and you must make sure you don't prolong their suffering because you can't bear to let them go.
Sometimes, such as in the case of a limb fracture, a choice must be taken immediately. Although a fractured leg is no longer a death sentence for a horse, it can be deadly, and there is little else that can be done to save the animal misery and suffering.
Ways and Means
A lethal injection is the most usual method of euthanizing a horse. You'll need to transport the horse to a location where the corpse may be easily removed, if possible without giving it excessive discomfort. A sedative will be administered first, followed by a substantial dosage of barbiturates. The majority of horses simply collapse and go asleep. They will occasionally lunge backward and tumble, which is quite upsetting for the handlers. Your veterinarian will instruct you on how to safely manage your horse throughout the treatment.
A rifle is a speedier, but maybe more unpleasant and dramatic means to euthanize a horse. Some argue that this is a more compassionate procedure than injection since death occurs instantly and the horse is not tormented by the presence of a veterinarian. This approach should only be used by someone who is experienced with high-powered rifles and knows where to shot to kill rather than merely stun the animal. There may also be a large quantity of bleeding. In certain locations, you may call a "dead stock" service, which will euthanize the animal and remove the carcass right away.
Another solution that may be accessible is the captive bolt. In most circumstances, this requires transporting the horse to a facility, which may not be compassionate if the horse is very old, ill, or wounded.
The exsanguination (bleeding out) approach can be used in extremely rare, extreme cases, such as when a horse is hurt on a remote route and it's hard to get a vet in. Blood will be shed in large quantities, and the handler is at risk since the horse may resist aggressively if not already unconscious. This is extremely traumatic for both the horse and the handler, and should only be used if there are no other options. To learn more about exsanguination, speak with your veterinarian.
There will be a few minutes of muscular twitching and maybe limb movement after any technique of euthanasia. After then, the body relaxes and becomes motionless. Whether a veterinarian is present, he or she will use a stethoscope to listen for a heartbeat, examine for dilated pupils, and determine if the blink reflex is missing. If the vet believes the brain is still alive, more medications or actions may be needed to ensure the work is completed.
After the Euthanasia
The body must be removed or buried after euthanasia. Dead livestock removal is subject to time constraints in some areas. In most regions, a dead stock truck will arrive in a short time and remove the body for a modest fee. If you decide to bury the dead, you must first learn the norms and restrictions in your region before hiring a backhoe to dig the hole. A tiny corpse, such as a foal or miniature pony, can be composted if the requirements in your county, state, or province are followed. Animal cremation is accessible in several regions. This is the most expensive option. Unless barbiturates were used for euthanasia, zoos and animal sanctuaries may accept the body as food. As a result, it's also critical to keep animals like stray dogs and coyotes from scavenging the remains.
It is never an easy choice to put a horse to sleep. However, knowing what to expect and that you are doing the best you can for your horse should provide some solace in an otherwise traumatic situation.