Although some are referred to as Angora, European, or Standard breeds, there is only one breed of domesticated pet ferret (not to be confused with wild European polecats or North American black-footed ferrets). The Latin term for the ferrets we keep as pets is Mustela putorius furo, however come in a range of sizes and fur colors, lengths, and patterns.
The American Ferret Association has designated distinct names for the many hues and patterns that ferrets come in. The American Ferret Association has identified seven distinct colors and patterns as breed criteria for ferrets. Ferrets are also known by various descriptive words, including the self-explanatory mitts (feet/mittens), bibs (under the chin), and masks (facial markings).
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The most frequent ferrets are sable ferrets. This common brown ferret may be found in all around the United States. The guard, or top layer of hair, is a dark brown, while the undercoat is lighter, ranging from cream to white and even gold in hue.
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Black Sable Color
A black sable differs from an ordinary sable in that it has darker guard hairs and a cream or white undercoat. The distinction between the blackish-brown guard hairs and the lighter undercoat is more noticeable.
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The chocolate ferret has a milk chocolate appearance to its guard hairs with a white undercoat. The eyes are dark but the nose can vary in color from pink to brown.
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Cinnamon ferrets have a lighter brown to reddish hue and are not very frequent, while not being an AFA color. Cinnamon has a white to golden undercoat, and the color of its nose can range from beige to pink to brick red.Continue to 5 of 8 below.
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Champagne have lighter guard hairs and white to cream undercoats, and are sometimes characterized to as a diluted chocolate hue. Their eyes are often pale in hue, although they can also be a deeper reddish tint.
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Darker than the black sable, a true black ferret has black guard hairs and a white undercoat. It will also have black eyes and a black nose, although sometimes the nose can be spotted.
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A true albino is a white to cream ferret with red or pink eyes and a pink nose. White or cream ferrets that do not have these pink eyes and noses are not albinos.
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Dark-Eyed White Color
- Slightly different than an albino ferret, a dark-eyed white or black-eyed white ferret also has white to cream fur, but has burgundy eyes.
In addition to distinct colors, ferrets can also have different patterns.
- Standard pattern - Similar to the solid pattern, all of a ferret should be the same color, but lighter than a solid and with obvious points.
- Striped pattern - Also known as patterned, the striped pattern is not considered a true AFA pattern, but it consists of an almost all white ferret with about 10% of the guard hairs having darker colors. Usually it is seen as a white or cream ferret with a stripe of brown down the back.
- Roan pattern - This pattern means that about half of the guard hairs are white and the other half are the color of the ferret. All colors of ferrets can have roan patterns except white ferrets.
- Point pattern - Also referred to as color point or Siamese, there is a distinct difference in color saturation or the color on the legs, feet, tail, shoulders, and face in point patterned ferrets. This pattern can occur in any color except white and looks like a classic Siamese cat coloring.
- Mutt pattern - The mutt pattern can contain a variety of colors and have roanings, spots, and other patterns. This pattern is a bit of a catch all for ferrets that have multiple colors or patterns.
- Blaze pattern - A blaze pattern can be any color except white and is a streak of color running from the back of the head down the neck. Blaze ferrets have dark red or brown eyes, the nose is pinkish, and white tips to the tail, feet, and knees are usually present. Other variations also exist with a white bib, spotted bellies, and some occasional white guard furs.
- Solid pattern - As the name implies, a solid pattern should be a completely solid color. Any color except white can have a solid pattern.
- Panda pattern - The panda pattern looks a lot like it sounds. Much like a panda bear, a panda patterned ferret has a contrasting head and body color. Darker colors are found around the hips and shoulders and mitts are present on the feet and sometimes the tail. Occasionally panda ferrets also have small color rings around their eyes.
How much is a ferret?
Ferrets cost from $100 to $300, depending on the color you're seeking.
Where can I buy a ferret?
There are ferrets at pet shops, but you can also check for breeders in your area.
How long do ferrets live?
Ferrets live anywhere from 5 to 10 years.
What is the difference between a ferret and a weasel?
Ferrets and weasels are distantly related but they are two different animals. Ferrets are larger, domesticated, and docile. Weasels have longer tails, and are more aggressive.