Glass Thickness in Saltwater Aquariums and More

Saltwater Aquariums Glass Thickness and More

Displayed as images, this index contains a collection of all the charts, tables, diagrams and more original content we have put together over the years!

The top row in the table above represents the tank's length, while the left vertical column denotes the tank's depth (height). Find the length of the tank in the top row (shown in feet and cm - centimeters), then follow that column down until you reach the height of the tank to estimate the glass thickness to utilize for construction (indicated in inches and cm). The thickness of the glass is measured in millimeters, with the Safety Factor stated in parentheses below. A fast conversion of millimeters to inches is shown below.

  • 6mm = 0.24"
  • 9mm = 0.35"
  • 12mm = 0.47"
  • 16mm = 0.63"
  • 20mm = 0.79"
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Stan and Debbie's DIY Glass Aquarium Assembly Diagrams

This is a four view diagram that illustrates step-by-step DIY glass aquarium assembly instructions.

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11 Primary Food Groups of Marine Fishes Table

So what do marine fishes eat in nature? This table of the primary food groups of marine fishes in nature briefly describes what each group eats.

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  • Angelfishes - 2 (juveniles), 4 (adults), 9 (juveniles), 11
  • Anglers & Frogfishes - 7
  • Anthias (Fancy Sea Basses) - 5
  • Batfishes (Spadefishes) - 1, 2, 3, 6
  • Blennies - 3, 10
  • Box & Cowfishes (Trunkfishes) - 2, 4, 10
  • Butterflyfishes - 2, 8, 10
  • Cardinalfishes - 5
  • Clownfishes (Anemonefishes) - 2, 5, 10
  • Chromis & Damselfishes - 3, 5, 10
  • Dottybacks (Pseudochromis) - 6, 9
  • Dragonets (Mandarinfishes) - 3, 10
  • Drums (Croakers) - 6
  • Filefishes - 1, 8, 10
  • Flounders - 6
  • Gobies - 3, 10, 11
  • Goatfishes - 10
  • Grammas (Basslets) - 5, 10
  • Groupers, Grunts, Hamlets & True Sea Basses - 6
  • Hawkfishes - 5, 6
  • Jawfishes - 5
  • Lizardfishes - 6, 7
  • Moray Eels - 6, 7
  • Parrotfishes - 1, 8
  • Porcupinefishes, Puffers & Tobies - 2, 4, 10
  • Rabbitfishes - 1
  • Scorpionfishes - 6, 7
  • Sea Breams (Spinecheeks) - 10
  • Sea Chubs - 1
  • Seahorses & Pipefishes - 5
  • Sea Robins - 10
  • Sharks - 6
  • Snappers - 6
  • Squirrelfishes - 9
  • Stingrays & Skates - 6
  • Surgeonfishes & Tangs - 1, 3
  • Sweetlips & Grunts - 10
  • Tilefishes - 6
  • Triggerfishes - 1, 10
  • Wrasses - 6, 10, 11

Table of Major and Minor Elements in Natural Sea Water

The values of the top major and minor elements, as well as related compounds (all mostly ionic) found in natural seawater (NSW), are shown in this table. When choosing a combination to buy, this table may be used to compare these ingredients to those found in sea salt blends. Note that numbers received from different sources varies, since values can vary from test to test for a variety of reasons, but for the most part, these figures reflect the overall average measurements from the many resources used to compile this table.

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Table of Common Element Compounds in Natural Sea Water to Watch Out For

Although these common element compounds are present in natural sea water (NSW) and are innocuous, they are frequently found at undesired higher amounts in various sea salt mixtures. As a result, these factors should be addressed while purchasing a mix for producing aquarium water.

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Comparison Table of Primary Elements in Some Top Brand Name Sea Salt Mixes

We compiled this quick reference elements comparison table based on actual test results reported in Marlin Atkinson and Craig Bingman's "The Composition of Some Synthetic Seawater Mixes" article published in the March 1999 issue of Aquarium Frontiers Magazine, and in Marlin Atkinson and Craig Bingman's "The Composition of Some Synthetic Seawater Mixes" article published in the March 1999 issue of Aquarium Frontiers Magazine.

Although there are more ingredients and compounds to consider when purchasing a sea salt mix, we will just discuss the key ones in this table. More information on Buffer System Components in Relation to pH Factors (see Table II), Nutrients (see Table III), and Trace Elements may be found in Marlin Atkinson and Craig Bingman's The Composition of Some Synthetic Seawater Mixes Report (see Table IV). The codes in this table represent our interpretation of the report's test findings. Keep in mind that some manufacturers may have changed their formulae since the tests were completed.

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Table of Top 14 Out of 70 Trace Elements in Natural Sea Water

This table reflects the abundances or values of the top 14 out of 70 trace elements that are found in natural seawater (NSW) that are considered to be the...

... are very necessary for saltwater aquariums. As a result, these factors should be addressed when purchasing a sea salt mix for aquarium water. Note that numbers received from different sources varies, since values can vary from test to test for a variety of reasons, but for the most part, these figures reflect the overall average measurements from the many resources used to compile this table.

Periodic Table of Elements from Croatian Faculty of Chemical Technology, Pat Wilde's Periodic Table of Elements with Seawater Additions, WebElements' Periodic Table of Elements, and additional Sea Water Composition & Salt Mix Resources - Books: Martin A. Moe, Jr.'s "The Marine Aquarium Handbook," and Michael S. Paletta's "The New Marine Aquarium."

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DIY Back Flush Filter Set-Up

The system is shown in this diagram with all of the back flush valves in place. The system appears to be operating correctly. Once installed, the back flush setup remains connected to your system.

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DIY Back Flush Filter Set-Up #2

This diagram demonstrates how the quick disconnect valves are closed and opened. The system is in the reverse flow back flushing mode.

When you wish to back flush, take the bypass valves out of storage. Simply shut off the flow at the double valves, disconnect them, reconnect the single valves, and turn them all back on. Simply place a bucket beneath the wastewater vent pipe and turn on three valves. The flow through the filter is now reversed.

Back flush the system for around 30 seconds once a month as part of your normal maintenance regimen. This should be enough to loosen the bio medium and wash away any trapped debris or organic buildup. Switch the valves back on when you've obtained the desired effect, and the filter will operate normally.

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Co-Current Skimmer Illustration

Different people have different ideas on what the "proper values" are for the basic water parameters in a saltwater aquarium. The table below provides an indication (recommended level average) of what to aim for in your aquarium to achieve the desired outcomes.

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Marine Aquarium Water Quality Target Values

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Reef Tank Test Kit Recommendations Chart

Note: After the tank cycles we suggest that you run ammonia and nitrite tests every other day for a week, and anytime after adding new fish, corals or other marine life to your tank.

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DIY Glass Aquarium Support Brace Placement Diagrams

Braces (typically glass strips) can be used over the top of a glass aquarium to reinforce it. Braces can enable for thinner glass to be used.

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Saltwater Aquarium Fish Compatibility Chart

Marine fish have worked out how to stay alive for millions (billions?) of years in the oceans. They just would not be here now if they hadn't. Each species evolved a means of surviving, whether it was a particularly effective defense mechanism (such as the Volitans Lionfish's poisonous spines), schooling (which spreads the risk of an individual being eaten), the ability to hide from its pursuer (in rocks or corals), symbiotic relationships (the Clownfish wouldn't exist if it weren't for anemones), or simply the ability to flee.

When a fish is taken from the ocean and placed in a confined environment, such as a home aquarium, its ability to run or hide from predators is drastically reduced. Simultaneously, it raises the level of competition for whatever food is available.

The diagram above will show you which fish can and cannot "usually" coexist in a confined environment. In many circumstances, it also suggests which species will cohabit with care. Nothing is certain. Any generalization will always have exceptions, but the chart will offer you a place to start when determining what will work in your tank.

For more information about a specific species, refer to their profile information.

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DIY Fish Collection Net Diagram

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