Rottweiler (Rottie) Dog Breed Information and Care


The Rottweiler, sometimes known as the Rottie, is a robust, hardworking dog with a confident disposition. It has a powerful physique, thick hindquarters, and a relaxed trot. Despite its reputation for being ferocious, the Rottie, which is descended from the Roman armies' mastiffs, may be a kind playmate and companion. The breed is reserved, but clever, protective, and devoted to its family. Rotties are great working dogs, watchdogs, and security dogs.

Breed Overview


HEIGHT: 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder

WEIGHT: 80 to 130 pounds

COAT: Short double coat

COAT COLOR: Black with tan, rust, or mahogany

LIFE SPAN: 8 to 10 years

TEMPERAMENT: Steady, alert, self-assured, fearless, devoted, confident, good-natured, obedient


ORIGIN: Germany

Characteristics of the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is very loyal to family members and fiercely protective of them. When at comfortable, this breed often displays a lively and friendly side. Despite what some people believe, few Rotties are aggressive. They are normally peaceful, loyal, and caring to people they trust. Due of their protective attitude, they may be wary of outsiders.

Affection Level High
Friendliness High
Kid-Friendly High
Pet-Friendly Low
Exercise Needs High
Playfulness High
Energy Level Medium
Trainability High
Intelligence High
Tendency to Bark High
Amount of Shedding Medium

Click Play to Learn More About the Protective and Loyal Rottweiler

History of the Rottweiler

Though the Rottweiler's precise origins are unknown, it is thought that the breed descended from the mastiff and that its forebears date back to ancient Rome. They were army drover dogs who herded animals. The breed was later developed in the German town of Rottweil, where it operated as a cow dog and occasionally as a police dog until losing favor. The breed was once known as the Rottweiler metzgerhund, which roughly translates as Rottweiler butcher's dog.

The breed was revived as a police dog in the early twentieth century, and it began to gain favor in the United States. The Rottweiler's hardworking temperament has increased its appeal throughout time, and according to the American Kennel Club, it is now the eighth most popular breed (AKC). The American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognized the breed in 1931.

Rottweiler Care

Rotties make wonderful pets for many types of households, especially those with children (provided you train your dog to behave around kids and also teach your kids how to safely interact with dogs ). The Rottweiler has a strong desire to work, a high level of endurance, a dominating presence, and the ability to be territorial. Many Rottweilers will benefit from a "task," such as defending the house, competing in obedience, or tracking.


A Rottie should get at least two hours of rigorous activity every day, including walks and playing. A Rottweiler enjoys playing games like hide-and-seek, fetching, and pulling with its human companion. Just keep in mind that your Rottweiler might not be accepted in the if he or she is hostile toward new dogs.


The Rottie's short, slightly coarse, yet lustrous hair coat sheds moderately and requires nothing more than basic upkeep. Brush your Rottie using a curry brush or similar item on a regular basis to keep the coat healthy. In the spring and fall, expect more shedding.

Although some Rotties' nails may naturally wear down, it is critical that you examine them often and cut them as needed. Your dog's feet will be healthy and comfortable as a result of this.

Good oral hygiene will benefit your pet. Brush your dog's teeth daily or at least two to three times per week.


All Rotties must be put on a tight training regimen to maximize their intellect and energy while remaining happy, healthy, and safe. Furthermore, good socialization is critical and will help your Rottie feel at ease in a variety of circumstances. Playing rough with a Rottie may foster aggressive behavior.

Common Health Problems

Responsible dog breeders strive to uphold the highest breed standards set by organizations like the AKC. These dogs are less likely to pass on health issues to their offspring. However, the breed is susceptible to several inherited health concerns. The following are some things to keep in mind:

  • Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) injury: A rupture of the ligament that attached the femur to the tibia, the two main bones of the knee joint.
  • Hip dysplasia: A condition in which the hip sockets form abnormally.
  • Osteochondrosis (OCD): The abnormal development of the cartilage on the end of a bone.
  • : A genetic condition in which the eyelid inverts or folds inward.

Diet and Nutrition

Feed a Rottweiler 2 to 5 cups of dry food twice a day. The quantity is determined by the dog's size, degree of activity, age, and other factors. Free-feeding Rottweilers is not suggested since they lack self-control and will gain weight if allowed to eat whenever they want. Obesity will reduce your dog's lifetime, so talk to your vet about a suggested feeding schedule, volume, kind of food, and activity regimen.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Rottweiler

If you think you're ready for a Rottweiler, you should do some further research beforehand. Request advice from veterinarians and pet professionals, as well as information from Rottie owners, responsible breeders, and rescue organizations.

If you adopt a dog, regardless of breed, talk to your veterinarian about temperament testing (rescue groups and shelters usually do this before putting pets up for adoption). If you're buying from a breeder, inquire about the temperament history of the line and meet the mother of the puppy (and father if possible). Although behavior traits can be passed down through the generations, excellent breeders strive to breed for good temperament. Unfortunately, some unethical breeders will purposefully breed aggressive dogs.

The American Rottweiler Club is a great place to start your search for a Rottie. The club's breeder referral coordinator can connect you with a member breeder.

The Rottweiler Rescue Foundation supports rescue groups around the United States and provides contact information so that you may look for suitable dogs in your area. If you wish to adopt a Rottweiler, make sure to verify your local legislation.

Adopting or rescuing a Rottweiler can cost several hundred dollars, but a Rottweiler puppy can cost anywhere from $850 to $3,500 or even more depending on genetics and other factors.

Rottweiler Overview

  • Intelligent

  • Loyal and protective

  • Courageous and athletic

  • Tendency to herd children may interfere with family harmony

  • Commanding presence that may intimidate people or other animals

  • Strong prey drive may make them incompatible with other pets in the house

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

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  • Are Rotties good with children?

    This breed has a tendency to herd youngsters by nudging them, which might knock a little child over. A Rottweiler may be very protective of its family's children and may intercede when they are roughhousing with other children. The dog's natural prey drive may kick in, causing it to pursue after fleeing youngsters.

  • Are Rottweilers good for multi-pet households?

    Rottweilers are not recommended for families with many pets. Their hunting instinct may cause them to be hostile against cats and other small pets, as well as intolerant of canines of the same gender in their homes.

  • Is the Rottweiler banned from certain areas of the country?

    Unfortunately, the Rottie has a reputation for being a dangerous breed, and breed-specific restrictions may be enacted. If you wish to adopt a Rottweiler, you need verify your local legislation. When traveling with your pet, you should also verify local rules. If you own a Rottweiler, your homeowners or renters insurance provider may need additional liability coverage. However, this is an oversimplification: any dog, regardless of breed, can be violent. Training and socializing are crucial.

  • Are Rottweilers good apartment dogs?

    Many experts note that, in addition to breed-specific regulation difficulties, this is not a great breed for apartment life, since this dog like to play in a yard. However, some research suggests that this breed is a wonderful apartment dog because to its mild nature.