Poodle: Care & Characteristics of the Dog Breed

White poodle lying in grass

The poodle is a non-sporting breed that originated in Germany. It is distinguished by its curly coat and comes in three different sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. The same breed criteria apply to all sizes of dogs since they are regarded as belonging to the same breed. The poodle is a strong athlete and all-around fantastic companion underneath its ruffled, low-shedding coat. These dogs frequently get along well with people and may be trained to do a wide range of jobs, including serving as service and therapy dogs.

Breed Overview


HEIGHT: Up to 10 inches (toy), 10 to 15 inches (miniature), over 15 inches (standard)

WEIGHT: 4 to 6 pounds (toy), 10 to 15 pounds (miniature), 40 to 70 pounds (standard)

COAT: Curly, long

COAT COLOR: Apricot, black, blue, brown, cafe au lait, cream, gray, red, silver, silver beige, or white

LIFE SPAN: 10 to 18 years

TEMPERAMENT: Intelligent, affectionate, active


ORIGIN: Germany


Click Play to Learn More About the Iconic and Intelligent Poodle

Characteristics of the Poodle

The personalities of poodles are often gregarious and sociable. Their temperament is influenced by their high levels of intelligence and energy, and they choose an active way of life. They often get along well with children and are even kind to strangers.

Affection Level High
Friendliness High
Kid-Friendly High
Pet-Friendly Medium
Exercise Needs High
Playfulness High
Energy Level High
Trainability High
Intelligence High
Tendency to Bark Medium
Amount of Shedding Low

History of the Poodle

Poodles originally originated in Germany, despite being linked with France. A retriever dog with similar characteristics to the modern poodle existed in Germany more than 400 years ago. It was proficient in the water. In actuality, the name of the breed is derived from the German term for puddle.

The first variety of the breed is the standard poodle. This dog served as a devoted and obedient companion as well as a waterfowl retriever for hunters. The poodle received its recognizable haircut, with the hair left long around the joints and chest for protection and insulation and other areas shaved for greater range of motion.

Because more people desired poodles as companions than for hunting at the beginning of the 20th century, the breed was shrunk to the toy poodle and subsequently the miniature. The breed was approved by the American Kennel Club in 1887, and it continues to rank among the most well-liked dog breeds in the country today.


Poodle Care

To stay happy and healthy, poodles require a lot of daily activity and mental stimulation. They also require ongoing training and can have a quick learning curve. Additionally, their curly coat requires some maintenance.


Poodles of all sizes require a lot of mental stimulation and have a lot of energy. They must exercise for at least an hour each day. Walking quickly, jogging, trekking, and swimming are all excellent forms of exercise for them. And since they are retrievers, they enjoy playing fetch. Additionally, they do well in dog sports like agility, which can test their mental abilities. Additionally, programs for therapy dogs, service dogs, and similar activities are excellent ways to push their physical and mental limits.


A poodle's single-layer, coarse, curly, low-shedding coat develops continually. To maintain its finest appearance, it requires routine haircuts. For simpler upkeep, the majority of owners keep the coat short. You may either learn how to do it yourself, or you can see a groomer around every four to six weeks with your poodle.

Since the hair is kept in the coat rather than shed, regular brushing is also necessary. If you don't brush your poodle all the way down to the skin, this might result in matting. The recommended frequency of brushing is two or three times a week, while some owners brush every day.

Every four to six weeks, you'll need to take a bath and get your nails cut. Additionally, examine your dog's ears at least once every week to determine if they require cleaning or if anything seems off. Finally, try to give your dog a daily dental cleaning.


Poodles, like other dogs, need the right and to have happy and healthy lives. Poodles are exceptionally intelligent and eager to please, therefore it is simple to teach them to follow instructions and do tricks. But if you are inconsistent in your instruction, kids could learn that they can get away with harmful practices. So try to begin basic obedience with your dog when he or she is still a puppy.

Additionally, begin socializing your dog as early as you can by introducing him to a variety of people, pets, and environments. The majority of poodles are friendly and may even adapt well to homes with other pets if they are nurtured with them. Additionally, poodles are often friendly toward kids. The smaller toy and tiny poodles, however, would not be a suitable choice for kids who aren't familiar with how to handle a dog properly since they risk getting hurt.


Common Health Problems

Poodles are a healthy dog breed overall. But they are prone to some hereditary health issues, including:

  • Eye problems
  • Sebaceous adenitis (a skin disease)
  • Von Willebrand’s disease (a blood disorder)
  • (in which the kneecap moves out of place)
  • (a hip disorder)
  • and potentially life-threatening stomach twists

Diet and Nutrition

Maintain constant access to fresh water for your poodle. Most owners feed their dogs a high-quality, nutritionally balanced diet twice day in metered servings. With regard to the type of food and the amount, talk to your veterinarian because these variables might include age, level of activity, and others. To prevent overeating, remember to account for treats and other extra food consumption in your dog's regular diet.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Poodle

Look for a poodle that needs a home through your neighborhood animal shelter and breed-specific rescue organizations. Expect to pay roughly $2,000 on average for a quality breeder puppy, however prices might vary greatly. Check out the following for further details to assist you in finding a poodle:

  • Poodle Club of America Rescue Foundation
  • The Poodle Club of America

Poodle Overview

  • Generally does well with children

  • Smart and easy to train

  • Low shedder

  • Requires a significant amount of grooming

  • Requires sufficient daily exercise

  • Needs lots of attention

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

If you believe the poodle is the breed for you, like with any breed, make careful to conduct extensive study before acquiring one. To learn more, consult vets, poodle owners, reliable breeders, and rescue organizations.

If you’re interested in similar breeds, check out:

There’s a whole world of potential out there—with a little research, you can find the right one to bring home!

  • What were poodles bred for?

    Poodles were developed as hunting dogs, particularly for their prodigious swimming prowess in the pursuit of waterfowl. Additionally, especially the smaller types, they were developed to be affectionate and amiable companions.

  • Are poodles good family dogs?

    Poodles that have been properly socialized and trained may make wonderful family pets. They normally get along well with youngsters, while smaller breeds could be too delicate around young children who don't know how to handle a dog gently.

  • Are poodles good apartment dogs?

    The toy and small poodles are suitable for apartments, but they still require regular exercise. If the standard poodle receives enough exercise each day, it could be able to live in a large apartment.


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