Dog Breed Pomeranian (Pom): Features & Care


The Pomeranian is a cheerful and confident that originated in what are now Germany and Poland. It has a long coat and a unique neck ruff. This breed, sometimes known as a Pom, is normally amiable but occasionally dictatorial. Despite its small size, it may be a good guard dog because of how devoted it is to its family.

The Pomeranian may be a wonderful companion with the right training, but this breed is not for everyone. A Pom may not be the best pet for a family with small children, but the breed frequently gets well with older, more mellow kids.

Breed Overview

Group: Toy

Height: 6 to 7 inches

Weight: 3 to 7 pounds

Coat: Long double coat

Coat Color: Comes in many colors, though the most common are red, orange, cream, sable, black, brown, and blue

Life Span: 12 to 16 years

Temperament: Bold, alert, lively, affectionate

Hypoallergenic: No

Origin: Germany/Poland


Click Play to Learn More About the Adorable and Loyal Pom

Characteristics of the Pomeranian

In general, pomeranians are bold and vivacious. They are little in stature, but their personalities are enormous. They have a tendency to be loving with their owners and can serve as vigilant watchdogs.

Affection Level High
Friendliness Medium
Kid-Friendly Medium
Pet-Friendly Medium
Exercise Needs Medium
Playfulness Medium
Energy Level Medium
Trainability Medium
Intelligence High
Tendency to Bark High
Amount of Shedding Medium

History of the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is an offspring of sled dog breeds from Iceland and Lapland known as spitz. These ancestors of the Pom traveled to Pomerania, which is now a part of Poland and Germany, many hundred years ago. Breeders slightly reduced the size of the dogs while they were there. The smallest nowadays is the pom.

When the British royal family developed a fondness for the Pomeranian, its popularity increased. The breed was still bigger back then than it is now. However, Queen Victoria started breeding in the late 1800s and won a breed contest with a Pomeranian that was very little. Even smaller dog breeding then gained popularity.

In the past, people like Marie Antoinette and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart have had Pomeranians. Among the three dogs who survived the 1912 sinking of the Titanic were two Pomeranians.

Around the start of the 20th century, the Pomeranian became popular in the United States, and it is still a well-liked dog breed today. The breed was acknowledged by the American Kennel Club in 1888.

Pomeranian Care

To be happy, healthy dogs, Pomeranians require constant training and frequent exercise. Additionally, their thick coat takes some maintenance. Pomeranians must also be kept cool in hot weather, away from predators, and away from any roughhousing with people or other animals, according to owners.


Despite being little dogs, Pomeranians have a medium degree of energy that shouldn't be ignored. They should engage in at least an hour of physical exercise each day, such as walking or playing with toys. Additionally, they should have daily access to unrestricted movement (which doesn't require much area). Additionally, puzzle might assist in giving Poms the cerebral stimulation they require.

Poms can overheat in hot weather while doing pretty well in cold weather because to their thick coat. Therefore, limit outdoor activities to brief bouts in the heat even if kids often have strong endurance. When outdoors, make sure to keep your Pom away from predators like big birds.


The Pomeranian's long, thick double coat has to be groomed frequently. To remove stray fur and avoid tangles and mats, aim to brush your Pom's coat at least once each week. Poms also frequently shed more heavily when the seasons change in the fall and spring, so you might need to brush them more frequently than once per week to keep up with the loose hair.

Every four to six weeks, a thorough brushing and bath will be necessary. You should also clean your dog's ears at that time, and you might need to express its anal glands. If you're not comfortable doing that at home, a groomer or veterinarian's clinic can handle it for you. Every four to six weeks, you should also clip your dog's nails, especially if you hear them clicking on concrete or other hard surfaces. And you should try to wash its teeth as often as possible.


Pomeranians are a trainable breed of dog. They are intelligent, yet they may also be obstinate. Therefore, it is crucial to be consistent and patient when a Pom. early socialization and of the youngster. Work on as soon as possible to prevent your dog from starting any negative behaviors that will be hard to stop. Additionally, introduce puppies to a variety of people and surroundings to help reduce their propensity to bark at strangers.

When given the right training and socialization, pomeranians may get along with other family pets. But even when fighting a larger dog, Poms typically don't back down. They may also suffer injuries from hard play that is friendly. In order to successfully coexist with home pets and humans, especially small children, make sure everyone is polite and gentle.

Pomeranians risk injury while leaping on and off of beds and sofas, among other pieces of furniture. Therefore, it's crucial to either educate them to utilize a ramp or to keep off furniture.

Common Health Problems

Pomeranians are typically healthy dogs. But they are prone to a few common health conditions, including:

  • (kneecaps sliding out of place)
  • (a degenerative eye disease)

Diet and Nutrition

Compared to larger breeds, the little Pomeranian only needs a minimal amount of food. Two meals a day of a high-quality, nutritionally balanced dog food are typical. Several factors, like your dog's size and activity level, will determine how much food it needs. Consult your veterinarian about your pet's food requirements, and keep a close eye on your pet's weight. For these little dogs, even a 1-pound weight change is important. Additionally, make sure your dog has access to fresh water at all times, particularly during hot weather and physical activity.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Pomeranian

Check your neighborhood animal shelter and breed-specific rescue organizations for Pomeranian dogs in need of homes if you're interested in buying one. Make sure you have the time and resources to dedicate to training and taking care of a dog, since they may occasionally be outspoken and difficult. A puppy should cost at least $1,000, while prices for older canines and dogs available for adoption can vary greatly.

There are several organizations that can help you locate a reputable breeder or rescue, including:  

  • American Pomeranian Club
  • Pomeranian Rescue
  • Pom Squad Rescue

Pomeranian Overview

  • Good guard dog

  • Can adapt well to small homes

  • Lively and loyal

  • Sensitive to heat

  • Not the best for small children

  • Can be stubborn and loud

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

If you believe the Pomeranian is the breed for you, like with any breed, make sure to conduct extensive study before obtaining one. To find out more, speak to other Pomeranian owners, reliable breeders, and rescue organizations.

If you’re interested in similar breeds, check out:

There’s a whole world of potential dog breeds out there—with a little research, you can find the right one to bring home!

  • What were Pomeranians bred for?

    While its ancestors were bred as sled and working dogs, the tiny Pomeranian was bred to be a companion dog. 

  • Are Pomeranians good family dogs?

    Pomeranians can suffer injuries from hard treatment by children because of their tiny stature. Therefore, unless the children are old enough to understand how to handle dogs with care, a Pom may not be a good option for a family.

  • Are Pomeranians good apartment dogs?

    Pomeranians can be good apartment dogs, as they don't require a lot of space to meet their energy and play needs. However, they can be vocal dogs that might disturb nearby neighbors.


"Pomeranian Puppies For Sale. American Kennel Club." ;