The most frequent medicine used to treat seizures and epilepsy in cats is phenobarbital. It is an anticonvulsant barbiturate drug. It is used as an anticonvulsant to prevent repeated seizures. Phenobarbital works by reducing the activity of the neurons in the brain that trigger seizures.
Phenobarbital is a regulated medicine that can only be purchased with a prescription from your pet's since it is a barbiturate. Phenobarbital, on the other hand, is widely available and quite affordable.
It is also extremely simple to determine the level of phenobarbital in your cat's blood, allowing you to ensure that your cat is receiving the correct dosage. Blood levels of phenobarbital should be checked on a regular basis to ensure that your pet is getting the right dose.
When your cat first starts on phenobarbital, you may notice that it is uncoordinated, unstable on its feet, or acts a little inebriated. This is a transient side effect that goes away as your cat gets used to the phenobarbital dosage. If the side effects are severe, your veterinarian may advise you to temporarily reduce the dosage.
It's also critical to never skip a dosage. If you miss a medication, your pet might suffer a seizure. Make every effort to stick to a regular routine. If you forget to take your medication, take it as soon as possible. If the next dosage is approaching, skip the missing dose and resume your normal schedule. Do not feed your pet two doses at the same time.
Potential Side Effects
Like many drugs, phenobarbital can have negative effects. Phenobarbital, on the other hand, is a rather safe medicine. Higher doses are more likely than lesser amounts to cause major negative effects. Impaired coordination, drowsiness, lethargy, or restlessness are all possible adverse effects. These adverse effects are generally short-lived and disappear within a few weeks of using phenobarbital.
Increased thirst, increased urine volume, and an increase in hunger are longer-lasting indications. To avoid in cats undergoing phenobarbital, their weight should be checked and they should be fed.
Liver illness is a less common but more significant possible adverse effect of phenobarbital. Cats given phenobarbital should have their blood checked for evidence of liver damage on a regular basis. You may notice vomiting, diarrhea, a loss of appetite, and/or icterus at home if you have liver disease (yellow coloration of the gums and skin). If your pet exhibits these symptoms, call your veterinarian right once.
If your cat is on phenobarbital, it's vital not to stop giving it the drug all at once. Sudden withdrawal might result in status epilepticus, a dangerous seizure episode. A seizure that does not end is known as status epilepticus. It's a life-threatening issue that need quick medical attention in order to save your pet's life. If phenobarbital must be stopped, it should be done gradually over several months, with the dosage progressively decreasing.