Persian Cat: Breed Profile, Characteristics & Care

Blue solid Persian cat

The Persian cat, whose history may be traced back to the deserts of Persia and Iran, has been revered for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. The Persian cat is currently the most widely-owned purebred cat breed in the United States. The Persian breed of cat ranges in size from medium to giant. A pansy-shaped, round, flat face and a thick, long coat are the distinguishing features of the Persian cat. Nearly any color and pattern conceivable is available for the coat, including solid hues, silver and golden hues, smoky and shaded hues, tabby patterns, particolors and bicolors, and pointed hues (Himalayan).

Breed Overview


PERSONALITY: Sweet, gentle and affectionate.

WEIGHT: About 7 to 12 pounds.

LENGTH: About 14 to 17 inches. 

COAT LENGTH: The coat is long and thick across the body, with a huge ruff around the neck, a deep frill extending between the front legs, and a thick, extremely full brush tail. glistening and delicate in texture.

Solid (blue, black, white, red, cream, chocolate, or lilac), silver and golden (chinchilla and shaded), shaded and smoky (containing cameo and tortoiseshell patterns), tabby, particolor, calico and bicolor, and Himalayan are the available coat colors (pointed colors).

EYE COLOR: Varies according to coat color, but may be copper, blue, green, blue-green, hazel and odd-eyed.

LIFE EXPECTANCY: 15 to 20 years.


ORIGIN: Persia and Iran.

Characteristics of the Persian Cat

Due to its well-known and adored charming, peaceful, and tranquil demeanor, Persian cats are immensely popular. Despite their friendliness, Persian cats need careful handling, therefore no grabbing or roughhousing from small children. They get along well with good-natured, courteous children but prefer to be petted and admired than exerting themselves physically. Persians also get along well with mild dogs and other cats. Persians like sprawling out in a favorite position in the house with a good vantage point to observe family activities, whether it is a comfortable chair or a window ledge bathed in sunlight. Persian people are sedentary. To avoid overheating or tangling their thick, lengthy coats, it is advisable to keep them inside. Persian cats like their human families, but as long as they are in their own homes, where they feel safe and secure, they don't mind being left alone for little periods of time.

Affection Level  High
Friendliness  High
Kid-Friendly  Medium
Pet-Friendly  Medium
Exercise Needs  Low
Playfulness  Medium
Energy Level  Low
Intelligence  High
Tendency to Vocalize Low
Amount of Shedding Medium 

History of the Persian Cat

The Persian cat's earliest recorded history dates to the early 1500s, although some breed enthusiasts think the Persian may be far older. Longhaired cats may have been the forerunners of the Persian cat breed, as evidenced by ancient hieroglyphs discovered in the area. The inaugural cat show, held in London in 1871, included the earliest instances of the breed that would eventually become the Persian cat. Queen Victoria, a devoted animal lover, developed a crush on the strange-appearing cats with the long coats. She had numerous Persian cats, which helped the breed gain favor with other royals and affluent British people. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the breed arrived in the United States. The Persian cat won over the American people, just as it did in England, and they fell in love with it. The Himalayan is a distinct breed within the Persian breed family that is recognized by the International Cat Association. It is a light-colored cat with darker "points" of color on its face, ears, legs, and tail. The Persian was acknowledged as one of the founding breeds by the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) in 1906. The Himalayan is a distinct breed within the Persian breed family that is recognized by the International Cat Association. It is a light-colored cat with darker "points" of color on its face, ears, legs, and tail. Himalayan-colored cats are assessed with other Persian-colored cats in the CFA.

Persian Cat Care 

The Persian cat requires the greatest maintenance of all the cat species due to its thick, luxuriant, flowing hair. The coat is incredibly thick and lengthy. Simply brushing is insufficient. A Persian with a full coat needs daily cleaning with a soft slicker brush and daily combing with a wide-toothed metal comb to prevent mats from developing. Persian cat owners must be careful while combing their pets to split the hair and make sure they are combing all the way down to the skin because else mats will subtly develop underneath the long hair. Regular bathing is also required to keep the coat clean and might aid in avoiding matting. Following a wash, the coat should be delicately dried using a pet hair dryer that operates colder than a human hair dryer to prevent burning or overheating your cat's delicate skin. Persian cats also require daily face washing because of their large, round eyes, weekly or biweekly nail trimming, and regular inspection and cleaning of their ears.

It is exceedingly challenging to demat a Persian cat's coat after it has been matted. Dematting is a laborious operation that might be unpleasant for the cat. Occasionally, mats need to be removed (always by a professional groomer or your veterinarian). Some Persian cat owners choose to have their cats professionally groomed because to the difficulties of maintenance. A Persian cat's tummy can be shaved by the groomer to reduce weight and get rid of the problem of mats developing there and beneath the armpits. Another choice is a lion trim, which involves shaving the cat's body short and leaving fluffy fur on its head, legs, and tail.

Although they like playing with feather wands or other teasing toys, Persian cats are generally calm and relaxed. Playing with your Persian cat a few times a day can give it some exercise and keep it emotionally and physically active. Another physically stimulating action that cats naturally like is scratching. Establish authorized scratching spaces in your home to promote scratching in the proper locations. Use both horizontal and vertical scratchers, since your cat may use them to scratch in various ways. Examples of horizontal scratchers are cardboard or sisal scratchers that lie flat on the ground.

Common Health Problems

Breed-specific illnesses are more likely to affect some purebred cats. Persians (together with Himalayans and Exotic Shorthairs) are genetically susceptible to respiratory issues, polycystic kidney disease (PKD), progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and trichiasis, as well as other eye conditions. To avoid passing on undesirable health features to kittens, reputable Persian cat breeders have their adult cats examined for these issues before breeding them.


With short, strong legs, a short back, a cobby, powerful frame, and a deep chest, the Persian is a medium- to large-sized cat. The extremely flat face, big cheeks, enormous round eyes, short snout, short snub-nose, round cheeks, firm chin, medium-sized ears, and large, round eyes of the Persian cat make it easy to identify. The Persian cat has a really endearing look that is almost human-like thanks to all of these facial features. The Persian cat has a thick undercoat that adds a lot of volume to its long, dense coat. The Persian cat is available in a wide range of hues and patterns.

Diet and Nutrition

The Persian cat breed is heavy build, thus if allowed to eat excessively, it may gain weight. All cats are healthier when they maintain a lean physique, which can also help them avoid getting obesity-related health problems including diabetes and heart disease. Instead of constantly replenishing the food dish, offer your Persian cat measured meals twice day to control how much food it consumes (a practice called free feeding). Young kittens need three meals every day. Consult your veterinarian or breeder for guidance if you're unsure of what to feed or how much food your Persian requires each day.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Persian Cat

Finding a decent breeder in your area shouldn't be too difficult if you have your heart set on bringing home a kitten because the Persian is the most well-known pedigreed cat breed in the U.S. On their separate websites, The Cat Fanciers Association and The International Cat Association both provide a list of active Persian cat breeders. If you would rather rescue a cat, you may also discover adult Persian cats in animal shelters and through cat rescue organizations. Local Persian cat breeders may also be aware of a Persian adult cat that needs a new home.

Breed Overview

The Persian cat is neither needy or aloof, but rather a blend of peaceful devotion and calm independence, and it is happiest at home. Persians are often rather silent, yet when they speak, their voices are lovely and melodious. They are happy to meet you at the door when you get home and like cuddling or lounging close to you.

  • Mellow and sweet personality                                                      

  • Affectionate and friendly with adults, gentle kids and other pets

  • Doesn’t mind hanging out alone occasionally

  • Doesn’t enjoy loud and boisterous activity

  • Need daily face washing to combat tear stains

  • Coat requires daily combing and possibly professional grooming

More Cat Breeds and Further Research

If you like the Persian cat, you might also like these cat breeds: 


·      Himalayan