Persian Cat Information, Characteristics, and Care

Blue solid Persian cat

The Persian cat has been treasured for hundreds, if not thousands, of years, and may be traced back to Persia and Iran's deserts. In the United States, the Persian cat is the most popular pedigreed cat breed. Persian cats range in size from modest to giant. A round, flat face shaped like a pansy and a thick, long coat are the Persian cat's distinguishing features. Solid hues, silver and golden, smoky and shaded colors, tabby patterns, particolors and bicolors, and pointed colors are only some of the colors and patterns available (Himalayan).

Breed Overview


PERSONALITY: Sweet, gentle and affectionate.

WEIGHT: About 7 to 12 pounds.

LENGTH: About 14 to 17 inches. 

COAT LENGTH: Long and thick all throughout, with a massive ruff around the neck, a deep frill extending between the front legs, and a thick brush tail. Glossy and fine in texture.

COAT COLOR: Solid (blue, black, white, red, cream, chocolate, or lilac), silver and golden (chinchilla and shaded), shaded and smoky (containing cameo and tortoiseshell patterns), tabby, particolor, calico, and bicolor, tabby, particolor, calico, and bicolor, and Himalayan (pointed colors).

EYE COLOR: Varies according to coat color, but may be copper, blue, green, blue-green, hazel and odd-eyed.

LIFE EXPECTANCY: 15 to 20 years.


ORIGIN: Persia and Iran.

Characteristics of the Persian Cat

The Persian cat is well-known for its charming, friendly, and peaceful demeanor. Despite their friendliness, Persian cats require careful handling, which means no roughhousing or snatching from little children. They get along well with well-behaved children, but like to be petted and admired than than participate in vigorous activities. Persian cats and gentle dogs get along well together. Persians enjoy sprawling out in a favorite position in the house with good vantage points to keep a watch on the household's goings-on, whether it's a comfortable recliner or a sun-filled window ledge. Persians are introverts. To avoid overheating or tangling up their thick, long coats, it's better to keep them inside. Persian cats like their human families, but they are OK with being left alone for short periods of time as long as they are in their own homes, where they feel safe and secure.

Affection Level  High
Friendliness  High
Kid-Friendly  Medium
Pet-Friendly  Medium
Exercise Needs  Low
Playfulness  Medium
Energy Level  Low
Intelligence  High
Tendency to Vocalize Low
Amount of Shedding Medium 

History of the Persian Cat

The Persian cat's first recorded history dates from the early 1500s, however some breed enthusiasts believe the Persian cat is far older. Longhaired cats may have been the progenitors of the Persian cat breed, according to ancient hieroglyphs discovered in the area. The very first cat show, held in London in 1871, included the earliest instances of what would later become the Persian cat. The exotic-looking cats with lengthy coats enchanted Queen Victoria, who was an avid animal lover. She had numerous Persian cats, which contributed to the breed's popularity among other royals and upper-class British people. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the breed arrived in the United States. The Persian cat captured the hearts of Americans, just as it had done in England. The Himalayan is a distinct breed within the Persian breed group, having a light-colored body and darker "points" of color on the face, ears, legs, and tail, according to the International Cat Association. The Persian was named one of the founding breeds by the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) in 1906. The Himalayan is a distinct breed within the Persian breed group, having a light-colored body and darker "points" of color on the face, ears, legs, and tail, according to the International Cat Association. Himalayan cats are graded with the rest of the Persian colorations in the CFA.

Persian Cat Care 

The Persian cat's thick, silky, flowing hair necessitates extensive grooming—perhaps the most of any cat species. The coat is incredibly long and dense. Brushing is insufficient. A Persian in full coat requires daily combing with a wide-toothed metal comb and daily brushing with a soft slicker brush to prevent mats from developing. Persian cat owners must split the hair and ensure that they are combing all the way down to the skin when combing, otherwise mats will form beneath the long hair. Bathing the coat on a regular basis is also vital to maintain it clean and avoid matting. After a wash, carefully dry the coat with a pet hair dryer that operates cooler than a human hair dryer to avoid burning or overheating your cat's sensitive skin. Persian cats also need to have their cheeks cleansed daily (because to their large, round eyes), their nails cut weekly or every other week, and their ears examined and cleaned if they become unclean.

It is quite difficult to demat a Persian cat's coat if it becomes matted. Dematting is a time-consuming operation that might be unpleasant for the cat. Mats must occasionally be cut out (always by a professional groomer or your veterinarian). Some Persian cat owners choose to have their cats professionally groomed because to the complexity of care. The groomer can shave a Persian cat's tummy to reduce weight and prevent mats from growing beneath the armpits and on the stomach. A lion trim is another option: the cat's body is shaved short, leaving fluffy fur on the head, legs, and tail.

Persian cats are quiet cats who like playing with feather wands and other teaser toys. Playing with your Persian cat a few times a day can give some exercise and keep your cat intellectually and physically occupied. Scratching is another physically stimulating action that cats like. Set up acceptable scratching locations in your home to encourage scratching in the proper places. Use both vertical scratchers (such as tall poles or cat trees) and horizontal scratchers (such as cardboard or sisal scratchers that rest flat on the ground) to provide your cat a variety of scratching options.

Common Health Problems

Some purebred cats are more susceptible to certain breed-specific illnesses than others. Persians (together with Himalayans and Exotic Shorthairs) are genetically prone to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart disease), progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and trichiasis, polycystic kidney disease (PKD), and respiratory issues. To avoid passing on undesirable health features to kittens, reputable Persian cat breeders have their adult cats examined for these issues before breeding them.


The Persian cat has short, strong legs, a short back, a cobby, solid body, and a deep chest. The Persian cat has a flat face with big cheeks and huge round eyes, a short snout and a short snub-nose, round cheeks, a strong chin, medium-sized ears, and large, round eyes. All of these features combine to give the Persian cat a charming, almost human-like expression. The Persian cat's hair is exceptionally long and dense, with a dense undercoat that adds bulk. The Persian cat is available in a variety of hues and patterns.

Diet and Nutrition

Because the Persian cat is a large breed, it can grow overweight if given too much food. Staying thin is good for all cats, and it can help them avoid obesity-related health problems like diabetes and heart disease. Instead of constantly replenishing the food dish, offer measured meals twice a day to keep your Persian cat's food consumption under control (a practice called free feeding). Kittens should be fed three times each day. If you're unsure what to feed or how much food your Persian need on a daily basis, consult your veterinarian or breeder.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Persian Cat

The Persian is the most popular pedigreed cat breed in the United States, so if you're looking for a kitten, you shouldn't have too much problem locating a good breeder. On their own websites, the Cat Fanciers Association and the International Cat Association both feature active Persian cat breeders. If you choose to rescue a cat, you can locate adult Persian cats in animal shelters and through cat rescue groups. Local Persian cat breeders may also know of someone searching for a new home for their adult Persian.

Breed Overview

The Persian cat is happiest at home, where it is a blend of peaceful devotion and calm independence. Persians are often silent, but when they do speak, their voices are lovely and melodious. They enjoy cuddling and hanging out with you, and will gladly meet you at the door when you get home.

  • Mellow and sweet personality                                                      

  • Affectionate and friendly with adults, gentle kids and other pets

  • Doesn’t mind hanging out alone occasionally

  • Doesn’t enjoy loud and boisterous activity

  • Need daily face washing to combat tear stains

  • Coat requires daily combing and possibly professional grooming

More Cat Breeds and Further Research

If you like the Persian cat, you might also like these cat breeds: 


·      Himalayan