Full Description, History, and Care of the Panama Amazon Parrot

Yellow-crowned Amazon (also known as the Yellow-crowned Parrot) at Jurong Bird Park, Singapore.

Panama Amazons are a very rare subspecies of yellow-fronted Amazons recognized for their playful, non-aggressive nature. It is a sociable pet that enjoys social interactions. When properly trained, this medium-sized green parrot may be a prolific talker.

Species Overview

Common Names: Panama Amazon, Panama yellow-headed Amazon parrot, Yellow-fronted Amazon parrot

Scientific Name: Amazona ochrocephala panamensis, Amazona panamenisis

Adult Size: 12 and 13 inches, weighing about 13 ounces

Life Expectancy: 40 to 60 years

Origin and History

Panama Canal The Amazon parrot's native range includes the Pearl Islands and Coiba in northern Colombia and western Panama. It lives mostly in jungles, like other Amazon parrot species.

The Panama Amazon, an exotic pet discovery, is listed as an endangered species by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Despite the fact that capturing is prohibited, habitat destruction and unlawful trapping have drastically diminished natural populations of this bird.


Amazons from Panama are gregarious, amusing birds who have grown in popularity as pets in recent years. They are ideal pets for families and active homes because of their high intellect and fun attitude. They are gifted orators who may grow loud when the mood hits.

Their gregarious behavior contributes to their kind and caring personality. While this is a loving bird, it is also a highly busy one, therefore an owner that can keep up with it is required. Every day, it needs a secure place to climb and play outside of the cage.

Panama Amazons, like other Amazon parrots, may go through a phase of aggression throughout their adolescence. This bird will require the help of an experienced parrot handler to get through this difficult time.

Speech and Vocalizations

It is highly regarded for its remarkable talking skills and is a rapid learner who can readily mimic sounds and become a good speaker. They, like most Amazons, become extremely vocal for about 10 minutes during sunrise and sunset. This clock alarm instinct has been passed down from its days as an avian timekeeper in the wild.

Panama Amazon Parrot Colors and Markings

Panama Amazons have a brilliant yellow triangular patch on their foreheads and are otherwise green. Their wings feature a red patch on the summits, flesh-colored feet, and horn-colored beaks. An unfeathered white ring surrounds the orange eye.

People sometimes confuse them with the popular due to their markings. The distinctions are minor. The Panama Amazon is smaller, has a deeper green color, and lacks the yellow-reddish-orange naped's mark on the upper half of the beak.


Caring for the Panama Amazon Parrot

Despite its small size, this bird requires a huge cage. A appropriate enclosure has a footprint of 2 feet by 3 feet and is 2 1/2 to 5 feet tall. Exercise will be encouraged with a playpen on top of the cage with a hanging perch. The Panama, like other Amazon parrots, can withstand a broad variety of temperatures, but it must avoid drafts.

Social engagement is essential for Amazon parrots to stay healthy and happy. Neglected birds are more likely to develop destructive behavior patterns and depression, which can express as a variety of physical and emotional issues.

Setting aside time each day for one-on-one engagement with the bird is essential for establishing and maintaining a strong relationship. You could wish to purchase another bird to keep it company if you are unable to give a lot of daily engagement.

While hand-fed Amazon parrots make loving, devoted pets, many go through bluffing, an aggressive, biting period that some owners can't manage as they approach sexual maturity (about age 4 to 5). The period might last anywhere from two weeks and two years. Potential owners should keep in mind that adopting a Panama Amazon is a lifelong commitment. If properly cared for, these birds may live for more than 60 years, so keeping one is not a decision to be made lightly.

It enjoys its regular showers or baths as a rainforest bird. Bath time may be a great time to socialize with your bird, and some owners even take their bird into the shower with them every morning. Using a sink sprayer, you may shower your Panama Amazon parrot many times each week; this is a pleasurable experience for your bird.

Common Health Problems

The Panama Amazon is a remarkably healthy bird when adequately cared for, but it can also develop common health problems found in other Amazon parrots.

Aspergillosis is a fungal illness that affects birds. Remove any old wood shavings or other objects that might hold mold to keep this sickness from infecting your bird. In addition, Amazons are prone to bacterial illnesses. Runny feces and respiratory issues such as trouble breathing are common symptoms. Although these diseases are curable, aspergillosis is typically deadly.

If the bird does not get a balanced diet or eat enough fruit and vegetables, your bird can get a vitamin A deficiency, fatty liver syndrome, or cancerous fatty tumors.

Diet and Nutrition

The Panama Amazon consumes berries, various fruits, plants, seeds, and nuts in the wild. Panama Amazons thrive on a high-quality pelleted food supplemented with seed mix and regular meals of fresh bird-safe fruits and vegetables, as do all Amazon parrots. A diverse and fresh food can help your bird maintain optimal nutrition.

Pellets that have been specially made are ideal and should make up 75 to 80 percent of the bird's diet. Fruits, vegetables, and greens should make up roughly 20% to 25% of your daily calories. Seeds and nuts are high-fat foods that can be served as treats on occasion. Begin with providing your bird 3/4 cup of pellet-based parrot mix and 1/2 cup of fruits and veggies per day, then modify as needed.

Panama Amazons like to dine with their families. You may feed the bird a variety of healthful human foods, but don't let it overdo. Avocado and chocolate are harmful to these birds, as they are to all parrots.


Because Amazon Parrots are prone to gaining excessive weight, make sure it receives daily activity. If you want a Panama Amazon, plan on allowing the bird to spend at least 3 to 4 hours every day outside of its cage. This time set aside for exercise will help the bird to burn calories, stretch its wings and muscles, and offer it with necessary cerebral stimulation.

These birds are heavy chewers that will need plenty of toys to chew on and grab with their feet. Provide fun ropes or ladders that might interest birds to jump and climb.

  • Social, friendly, likes handling

  • Intelligent, can learn to talk and do tricks

  • Can be noisy, not well-suited for apartments

  • Requires at least 3 to 4 hours of supervised out-of-cage time

Where to Adopt or Buy a Panama Amazon Parrot

It is illegal to trade or sell these wild birds. Make sure the bird is confirmed as captive-bred. Hand-tame newborns or adults in need of a new home cost between $800 and $2,500. The following are some websites where you may find Panama Amazon parrots:

  • Birds Now
  • Bird Breeders
  • Adopt a Pet

If you decide to go with a breeder, make sure the breeder is respectable. Inquire about their breeding history and take a tour of their facilities. Make sure the bird you choose to bring home is awake, active, and shows all the marks of good health, such as bright eyes, clean feathers, and full crops.

More Pet Bird Species and Further Research

If a Panama Amazon sounds like a good fit, you may be interested in similar species, check out:

Otherwise, take a look at some similar birds in the .