Pepto-Bismol is a common treatment for gastrointestinal problems in humans. Because it is so effective, many people keep it around. If your dog is suffering stomach problems, you might be tempted to give him some Pepto-Bismol to help him feel better. Regrettably, this may be a horrible idea. Pepto-Bismol can be administered to dogs on occasion, but it should be handled with caution.
What Is Pepto-Bismol?
Bismuth subsalicylate is the active component of Pepto-Bismol, a brand name. Pink bismuth is another name for it. Bismuth subsalicylate is also present in Kaopectate, Bismatrol, Diotame, and several Maalox and Mylanta brands.
Bismuth subsalicylate is a bismuth salt of salicylic acid in chemistry. Antiemetic and anti-inflammatory effects are included in the medication. It treats diarrhea, indigestion, nausea, and heartburn in humans. Bismuth subsalicylate-containing drugs are occasionally used to treat diarrhea in dogs, but they should be used with caution.
Bismuth subsalicylate-containing medications are available over-the-counter as a suspension, pill, or capsule. Pink Pepto-Bismol products are available. Bismuth subsalicylate comes in a variety of colors, including pink, white, and green.
Is Pepto-Bismol Good for Dogs?
Pepto-Bismol may help treat when given under the guidance of a veterinarian. It's also possible to use it to treat Helicobacter bacterial infections in dogs. Constipation, black-colored feces, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, bleeding, and are all possible adverse effects.
Salicylates include bismuth subsalicylate. Salicylates include aspirin and acetylsalicylic acid. Although the mechanisms of these two medications are different, they can have comparable harmful consequences on dogs. Salicylates can irritate the stomach, create ulcers, and harm the liver and kidneys. If taken inappropriately, these medications can be extremely hazardous to dogs.
Bismuth subsalicylate is seldom used in dogs. First, the drug's hazards may exceed its advantages. Furthermore, dogs detest the flavor of the suspension and are hesitant to consume it. Furthermore, bismuth subsalicylate causes the feces to become black, making it difficult to identify gastrointestinal bleeding. In the feces, digested blood appears dark and tarry.
Veterinarians may occasionally offer Pepto-Bismol, but there are safer and more effective medications for treating diarrhea, vomiting, and other gastrointestinal issues. Before administering your dog Pepto-Bismol or comparable drugs, consult your veterinarian.
Salicylates can be toxic to cats. Do not give cats bismuth subsalicylate, aspirin, or any other drug that contains salicylates unless specifically recommended by a veterinarian.
How to Give Your Dog Pepto-Bismol
Before feeding your dog Pepto-Bismol or other bismuth subsalicylate-containing drugs, consult your veterinarian. If you need to use an over-the-counter medication and can't get to the veterinarian's clinic for a better alternative, your veterinarian may recommend the usage of bismuth subsalicylate.
Your dog should be given Pepto-Bismol suspension orally at the dose recommended by your veterinarian. Never give your dog more than is suggested since it may cause poisoning. Because the dosage of the pills and capsules is far too high, dogs must consume the suspension. Use the original strength recipe rather than the ultra- or extra-strength versions. Check the product components carefully; xylitol, often known as birch sugar, is very harmful to dogs and should never be given to them.
To improve the palatability of Pepto-Bismol, store it in the refrigerator. Before using, give the suspension a good shake. One milliliter per five kilograms (11 pounds) of body weight is given three times daily to dogs. Unless your veterinarian advises otherwise, do not use the product for more than two days. If your dog's diarrhea lasts more than two days, you should take him to the doctor for an evaluation rather than treating him at home.
If your dog is on steroids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, don't give him bismuth subsalicylate (common NSAIDs include aspirin, carprofen, deracoxib, piroxicam , and meloxicam). If your dog is on any other drugs, talk to your vet about how much bismuth subsalicylate to give and when. Dogs with bleeding issues, pregnant or nursing dogs, or newborn pups should not be administered bismuth subsalicylate. This drug should not be given to dogs who are allergic to aspirin or other salicylates.
Pepto-Bismol Overdose and Toxicity
Despite the fact that most dogs loathe the taste of Pepto-Bismol, some dogs may find it and consume too much of it. It's also easy to give your dog too much food by accident—mistakes happen. A suitable amount of bismuth subsalicylate may create toxic effects in certain dogs, but an overdose is more likely to cause difficulties.
Toxicity to salicylates is dangerous. It can induce bloody vomiting, depression, overheating, internal bleeding, breathing difficulties, tremors, seizures, and coma. Death might result from a severe overdose or a lack of effective care. If you feel your dog has consumed too much bismuth subsalicylate, contact a veterinarian right once. If the medicine was recently consumed, you may be told to induce vomiting. Never force vomiting unless a veterinary practitioner instructs you to.
Gastric lavage, oral administration of activated charcoal to absorb toxins, and intravenous fluids may be used as first-line treatments for salicylate poisoning. Dogs will frequently require laboratory testing to assess toxic effects and hospitalization to be treated and properly monitored. Depending on the situation, more drugs may be required. If poisoning is detected early enough and the dog is treated, the majority of dogs will recover completely.