Male canines, like male humans, are prone to prostate problems. Although prostatitis in dogs is a rare occurrence, it can be a dangerous condition if left untreated. Prostatitis can also be a symptom of another prostatic condition.
What is Prostatitis in Dogs?
Prostatitis is the medical name for prostate inflammation. The prostate gland is a reproductive organ found solely in male dogs. It is responsible for the generation of fluids contained in the semen and surrounds the bladder where it joins the urethra. When the prostate gets inflamed, it can cause difficulties with urine and feces by affecting the surrounding tissues.
Prostatitis is usually caused by bacteria. Bacterial prostatitis manifests itself in two ways. Acute prostatitis is a sudden infection of the prostate in a dog that causes illness. Chronic prostatitis is an undiscovered long-term prostatic infection. Chronic prostatitis can develop from acute prostatitis.
Urinary tract infections often occur along with bacterial prostatitis. This is because prostatic fluid spills into the bladder, spreading the prostate infection to the urinary tract.
Symptoms of Prostatitis in Dogs
Lethargy, discomfort, and fever are common symptoms of acute prostatitis. A dog with prostatitis is likely to have a at the same time. Dehydration, septicemia (bloodstream infection), and shock are all possible complications of acute prostatitis. These are dangerous and potentially lethal illnesses.
Dogs with chronic prostatitis may show no symptoms at all. When a dog has chronic prostatitis, recurring urinary tract infections are common, and this may be the only symptom that leads the vet to a diagnosis.
Prostatic abscesses can form in dogs with bacterial prostatitis. Peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity) can result from a burst abscess, which is a serious disease that can lead to death.
Prostatitis may cause enlargement of the prostate that leads to difficulty urinating or defecating. This enlargement can also cause pain and affect the dog's rear gait.
Be sure to contact your veterinarian if your dog is showing signs of prostatitis or other .
Causes of Prostatitis in Dogs
Prostatitis can affect any male dog, however it affects far more frequently than neutered dogs. Prostatitis risk does not appear to be affected by dog breed. The majority of dogs with prostatitis are middle-aged or older.
When bacteria infects the prostate, bacterial prostatitis develops. This bacteria might have come from the bladder, another area of the body, the blood, or a lesion on the outside. Dogs with weakened immune systems are more vulnerable.
Prostatitis can arise as a result of another ailment. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the cause of many cases of chronic prostatitis. Unneutered male dogs are more likely to develop BPH, a hormone-related ailment.
Prostatitis may occur in conjunction with prostatic or paraprostatic cysts as well as prostate cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Your veterinarian will start by talking to you about your dog's medical history and completing a physical checkup. During a rectal exam, your veterinarian will palpate the prostate. Prostatic irritation can be felt when the rectum is palpated. To rule out infection, your veterinarian will do a urinalysis and a urine culture. Additional lab tests to examine organ function and blood cell counts may be recommended. In order to see the prostate, the veterinarian may propose diagnostic imaging like as radiography (X-rays) or ultrasound. The vet may want to sample prostatic fluid to send to a lab for investigation in some circumstances.
Antibiotics are required to treat bacterial prostatitis. Acute prostatitis in dogs usually necessitates hospitalization and intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration. Antibiotics are given to hospitalized dogs, and they are constantly watched in case sepsis or other problems arise.
Antibiotics are also given to dogs with chronic prostatitis. If benign prostatic hyperplasia is present, however, antibiotics alone are ineffective. Castration, often known as neutering, is the most effective therapy for BPH. Some dog owners choose not to neuter their pets (often dogs intended for breeding or the show ring). Finasteride, a medicine used to treat hormone changes linked to BPH, can be used in certain circumstances.
Surgery may be necessary if prostatic or paraprostatic cysts are discovered.
Prostate cancer is often treated with a drug called piroxicam.
How to Prevent Prostatitis in Dogs
Prostatitis is uncommon in neutered dogs, therefore neutering your male dog is the best method to avoid it. Prostatitis may be detected early and treated well, so take your dog to the doctor if you suspect anything is wrong. A simple rectal check by your veterinarian may also reveal prostate abnormalities. Bring your dog to the veterinarian for routine wellness appointments, which should include a rectal examination.