Vomiting and/or diarrhea are two of the most common reasons dogs see the veterinarian when they are unwell. Both of these are non-specific symptoms of a wide range of diseases and disease processes. A disease known as gastritis is one of these illnesses.
What is Gastritis in Dogs?
Gastritis, which literally means stomach inflammation, can cause an abrupt bout of unsettled stomach in your dog. It has also been linked to more chronic illnesses. It can be brought on by external factors such as diet and chemicals, as well as metabolic diseases, intestinal parasites, and even cancer.
What Are Symptoms of Gastritis in Dogs?
Because your dog's stomach is part of his/her upper gastrointestinal system, is the most common symptom of gastritis. Other signs and symptoms include a loss of appetite and fatigue. Multiple episodes of might cause esophageal irritation in your dog. You could see blood in your dog's vomit if this happens. Bloody vomit can, of course, be a sign of anything more severe, so get veterinary help if you see this symptom. If your dog's gastritis is severe or long-term, blood may appear in their feces. They may also have a sore abdomen and stand with their back arched slightly to protect their stomach.
What Are Causes of Gastritis in Dogs?
In dogs, acute gastritis is a common problem. Dietary indiscretion is the most common cause of these episodes, which simply indicates your dog ate something that didn't agree with them. This might include damaged dog food, bacterially contaminated raw food (for your dog or for human consumption), fatty meals, and even non-food objects like rubbish or cat litter. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, antibiotics, molds, liver illness, fungal infections, mast cell tumors in your dog's gastrointestinal system, and pancreatitis are all possible causes of gastritis. If your dog has persistent or intermittent vomiting that lasts two weeks or more, he or she might be suffering from a more chronic type of gastritis.
How is Gastritis in Dogs Diagnosed?
When you bring your dog to the vet for non-chronic vomiting (less than two weeks), they will begin with basic diagnostics such as blood tests and a stool check. If your dog has picked up an intestinal parasite outside, the stool test will notify your doctor. The blood test will allow your veterinarian to examine your dog's organ function and determine if your dog is dehydrated or has any electrolyte imbalances as a result of their vomiting. If your dog's belly is sore to the touch, your veterinarian may recommend an abdominal x-ray and a test. An abdominal x-ray will allow your veterinarian to see if your dog's digestive tract has an aberrant gas pattern or if there is a foreign substance. If your dog's gastritis is severe, your veterinarian may order further testing.
How is Gastritis in Dogs Treated?
Many instances of acute gastritis are considered self-limiting and may improve without the need for veterinary treatment. If your dog starts vomiting, stop giving him food for 24 hours and just give him modest quantities of water. If your dog continues to vomit on simply water, get medical attention right away. If your dog is still not vomiting after 24 hours, try feeding them a bland meal of chicken or ground turkey with white rice or white potato. Instead of one or two meals each day, give them little, regular meals. After a few days on the bland diet, gradually introduce your dog's usual food until they are back on their regular diet. If your dog's symptoms return at any stage, get veterinarian help.
Fluid treatment will be used by your veterinarian to replace the fluids your dog lost due to vomiting. This can be administered subcutaneously or intravenously, depending on the severity of your dog's condition. Your veterinarian will also prescribe drugs to reduce nausea (such as Cerenia), GI protectants (such as Sucralfate), and ulcer-relieving meds (i.e. Omeprazole, Pepcid).
The treatment for chronic gastritis will be determined by the cause of your dog's persistent symptoms. Similarly, whereas acute gastritis has a positive prognosis, chronic gastritis has a prognosis that is dependent on the underlying etiology. If you're worried about your dog's vomiting, talk to your vet about the possibility of gastritis.