How to Care for Canine Coccidians

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If addressed, coccidian in pups can result in serious health issues. However, it may be avoided or discovered early so your puppy can recover from it and obtain the proper veterinarian treatment on a regular basis.

What Is Coccidia?

A typical protozoal (single-celled) called coccidia can lead to coccidiosis. There are several other kinds of coccidia, but Isospora is the one that typically affects pups (also called Cystoisospora).

The parasite settles on the intestinal lining and can occasionally cause sickness. Most susceptible are young pups. Many mature dogs with coccidiosis never exhibit overt symptoms of illness.

Puppies and adult dogs may display symptoms like those of coccidiosis due to several protozoal parasites, such as Giardia, as well as other illnesses. The distinction might be determined by your veterinarian.

Symptoms of Coccidiosis in Puppies

The danger of coccidiosis is greater in some pups. This also applies to people who are under stress from other ailments. Puppies living in pet stores and shelters that are overcrowded or in unclean environments are also particularly vulnerable.

Typically, moderate diarrhea is the first symptom, although it might later worsen or even become bloody. Dehydration, anorexia, vomiting, and weight loss may ensue. Puppies may pass away under severe circumstances, especially if untreated.

Diagnosis is made by finding coccidia oocysts (tiny eggs) during a microscopic examination of a stool sample.

Causes of Coccidiosis

Puppies can get coccidia by eating an infected animal, such as a rat, or by consuming infectious oocysts that have been released into the environment through excrement. After receiving coccidia treatment, a dog may return to their contaminated environment and get the disease once more since oocysts may live for a very long time in the soil.


To help eradicate coccidia, puppies are often given an anti-parasitic drug such sulfadimethoxine, although extended therapy may be required. There are more medicines accessible. Hospitalization may be necessary in severe instances to administer fluid therapy to cure dehydration as well as for other therapies.

How to Prevent Coccidiosis

The most effective method of preventing coccidiosis is sanitation. Controlling the atmosphere is essential, especially in places where there are lots of dogs being held, like kennels. Feces should be quickly removed from the yard or kennel.

Coccidia is resistant to some common disinfectants, but diluted chlorine bleach is usually effective. Be sure to disinfect runs, cages, and food bowls every day to destroy infective organisms.

Coccidia Parasites in Humans

While there are some species of coccidia that can spread to humans, Isospora is not known to cause any human health problems.

  • How long does it take to get rid of coccidia in puppies?

    Most puppies need medication for a duration of one to three weeks.

  • How common is coccidia in puppies?

    Coccidia is a very common parasite for your puppy to get.

  • How long does it take for coccidia to show symptoms in puppies?

    Within a few days of contracting it, symptoms of coccidia will appear.

If you suspect your pet is sick, call your vet immediately. For health-related questions, always consult your veterinarian, as they have examined your pet, know the pet's health history, and can make the best recommendations for your pet.


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