The health of red-eared sliders depends on their ability to sunbathe. They ought to be exiting the water and drying off often. If your turtle isn't doing this, check how your tank is set up to ensure that basking is enticing to your slider.
Red-eared sliders require sunbathing for a variety of reasons, and it has various benefits (besides feeling good). Basking basically entails drying off and taking in the sun's UV rays (or bulb). Turtles must perform it in captivity since they do it every day in their native habitat when conditions permit.
To encourage your red-eared slider to bask, make sure you've supplied suitable locations for doing so as well as a favorable temperature difference. The water in the tank should be kept between 75 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit for adults and between 78 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit for hatchlings. The ideal temperature for the basking area is between 90 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
Turtles won't be active and may not bask if the temperature of the water or the sun is too low. The temperature disparity between the water and the basking area is also crucial, and it is this difference that draws them to the sun. The turtles won't likely come out of the water to bask if the water is considerably warmer than is healthy or if the surrounding air is too cold.
The turtle needs to bask to be healthy. It enables the turtle to warm up and totally dry out. As fungus needs moisture to flourish, this makes it more difficult for fungal diseases to manifest. Red-eared sliders frequently suffer from infections of this nature. They are born with it as well, making it a normal activity. They will probably become anxious if they cannot obtain enough sunlight, which can lead to a variety of other health problems.
What You Need
The basking area should be nice and dry, stable, and easy to climb onto. If these conditions aren't met, the turtle will also be unlikely to use your basking area, so make sure you have:
- A ramp
- A heat source, such as a UV light
With hatchlings, it is especially important that the turtle can readily exit the water and reach the basking area. Make a readily accessible sloping region where the turtle may climb out of the water to bask in order to establish the basking area within the tank. It could be a spot raised above the water using rocks or logs, or it might be a turtle raft that is offered for sale.
The objective is to make a place where the turtle may climb out of the water that is either partially buried or has a ramp. To encourage sunbathing, this area should be roughly 10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the water. But be careful—a heated environment won't encourage sunbathing and could possibly put the turtle at danger for overheating or burns on its shell. Giving food to turtles before they bask will make digestion easier and may serve as a reward to promote sunbathing.
When they are basking, red-eared sliders don't like to be harassed. They could startle if you interrupt them or start pleading for food. To promote basking, consider covering the tank's sides.
UV Light Positioning
So that the turtle may fully benefit from its heat, place the heat source over the area where it will be sunbathing. In particular, if you have a few turtles who stack on top of each other to get closer to the light, place the light out of reach and away from your turtles so that it won't burn them. If the turtles splash, make sure the bulb doesn't get wet since it can break if it gets wet, which is dangerous. During the day, leave the heat lamp on for 10 to 12 hours. To allow the turtle to sleep at night, it should be turned off. The turtle tank may cool down at night without issue.
In order for the turtle to synthesize vitamin D3 and be able to absorb calcium from its food, UVB radiation is not used to generate heat. In addition to the heat lamp, it is essential and can be put over the area for basking and left on all day.
Avoid using any chemicals on DIY platforms, and keep the metal from rusting. The water can be changed by even organic or natural platforms. The basking platform ought to be stable and impervious to movement or disassembly. Make sure your turtle cannot squeeze itself or exploit the space as an escape route between the basking area and the tank walls.
Check the water and basking area temperatures again, and try to install privacy screens or reorganize the tank setup. You might be able to resolve a problem you were unaware of with a fresh appearance and feel for their tank. If your red-eared slider is still not sunbathing, you should probably consult your veterinarian.