Dog Breed Dachshund (Doxie): Characteristics & Care

Dachshund (Doxie) dog standing indoors in profile

The dachshund is a playful, affectionate, little dog breed that originated in Germany. It is renowned for its short legs, floppy ears, and broad chest as well as its diverse coat texture and color. This adorable little breed, often known as a doxie, wiener dog, hotdog, or sausage dog, surely makes an impact. The dachshund can be found in conventional or tiny sizes, although both have the same breed characteristics.

Breed Overview


HEIGHT: 8 to 9 inches (standard); 5 to 6 inches (miniature)

WEIGHT: 16 to 32 pounds (standard); up to 11 pounds (miniature)

COAT: Varieties include smooth (shorthaired), longhaired, and wire-haired.

COAT COLOR: Colors include (but not limited to) black, tan, fawn, beige, blue, chocolate, and red with various markings such as dapple, piebald, brindle, and sable.

LIFE SPAN: 12 to 16 years

TEMPERAMENT: Clever, playful, stubborn, devoted, lively, independent, courageous


ORIGIN: Germany


Click Play to Learn More About the Endearing Doxie

Characteristics of the Dachshund

The dachshund can be a loving companion, lapdog, and even a family dog. Despite its size, the dachshund tends to be quite protective and alert, so the breed can also make an excellent watchdog.

Affection Level High
Friendliness Medium
Kid-Friendly Low
Pet-Friendly Low
Exercise Needs Medium
Playfulness High
Energy Level Medium
Trainability Medium
Intelligence Medium
Tendency to Bark High
Amount of Shedding Medium

History of the Dachshund

The dachshund was developed as a in Germany. Although the breed may be dated back to the 15th century, it wasn't until Germany in the 17th century that it truly began to grow. These little hounds were known as dachshunds, which is German for "badger dogs," and they were used for badger hunting. Their size, tenacity, and independence made them perfect for digging, tunneling, and, of course, battling badgers. When they burrow, their ears' flaps down help keep dirt and debris out.

Two sizes were produced as the breed continued to evolve. In the past, the regular size still hunted wild boar and badgers, while the miniatures went for hare and foxes. A medium-sized dachshund is also seen in Germany.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognized the dachshund breed in the United States in 1885, and the breed gained popularity in the 1930s and 1940s. They were temporarily referred to as "badger dogs" in the United States during World War II to avoid being shunned. They are still very well-liked dogs today.

Dachshund races, often referred to as "wiener races," are well-liked as entertainment in several locales. The Dachshund Club of America, however, opposes this due to worries that dog racing would do the animals harm.

Dachshund Care

Doxies are persistent, which was advantageous for hunting dogs but might irritate you in the home. Due of their high hunting drive, dachshunds might not be the best choice for a family with pet rats or other small animals. They normally get along well with other dachshunds, but they sometimes want to be the dominant pet in homes with other dogs. Your potted plants and yard may get damaged as a result of your predisposition to dig. Keep that in mind and give your pet some alternate pastimes.


Dachshunds are predisposed to fat by nature. Your dachshund should regularly to prevent weight gain. It is advised to take your dog for daily walks, ideally two 10-minute walks, as well as some fun like fetch. But sufficient nourishment is also important, so be careful not to overfeed.


The dachshund's hair coat determines the amount of maintenance they require. Although the longhaired variant does not normally require professional care, it does require regular brushing. The smooth dachshund sheds more frequently than other kinds. Every dachshund should be bathed when necessary (frequently if skin problems exist).

To avoid issues with the paws, be sure to do routine nail trimming. Additionally, those flap-down ears require care to keep clean and watch for mite or infection symptoms. Brush your dog's teeth once or twice a week to maintain healthy dental hygiene.


The dachshund is adored for its outgoing demeanor, yet it can also be obstinate, guarding, and defensive. Another common trait among dachshunds is their propensity to bark. These possible issues can be resolved by effective obedience training.

It might be challenging to dachshunds. You'll need to be persistent, and crate training could be something you want to try. Have dog pads and cleaning tools on hand.

Common Health Problems

Breeders that practice responsible breeding work to uphold the highest breed standards as set out by organizations like the AKC. These breeding guidelines reduce the likelihood of inheriting health issues in dogs. However, the breed is susceptible to several inherited health issues. You should be aware of the following circumstances:

  • Intervertebral disc disease: You'll need to take care to protect your dachshund's back. As many as 25 percent of dachshunds have intervertebral disc disease, which can result in their spinal discs deteriorating and being susceptible to bulging when they have back strain or injury.
  • Diabetes mellitus: This is a common chronic, but manageable disease found in younger and older dogs that have an abnormal response to insulin. Excessive thirst and weight loss are two early symptoms.
  • Epilepsy: This disease of the brain causes seizures in dogs. There are no known causes of this disease.
  • Gastric dilatation-volvulus: Commonly known as bloat, this emergency care problem typically occurs in larger breeds, but dachshunds have large chests which put them at risk for this problem, too. The stomach cavity becomes trapped with gas or air that the dog cannot expel.
  • Acanthosis nigricans: Portions of the dog's skin can become darkened and thickened. This disease may be caused by allergies or hormones, and it can be controlled.

Diet and Nutrition

The quantity of food required will vary depending on the size, age, and activity level of your dog. Provide only top-notch food, and keep an eye on your dog's consumption and weight. If you see that your dog is becoming overweight, take quick action and consult your vet about the best feeding plan, food to use, and amount to maintain a healthy weight for your dog. Your dog will live out its normal lifespan if you do this.

Where to Adopt or Buy a Dachshund

Due of their popularity, dachshund puppies can cost anywhere from $500 to $1,500 when purchased from a breeder. If you do come across a dachshund that is referred to as having an uncommon color or unique markings, such as a "fawn (Isabella)" or "double dappled" dachshund, keep in mind that it could have health problems. It is immoral and dangerous to breed this dog for appearance alone, omitting to consider health concerns. You can determine whether a dog is actually uncommon yet healthy by doing more research, or if it could be compromised. If you're considering adopting a dachshund, start by getting in touch with an established company like:

  • Dachshund Club of America
  • All American Dachshund Rescue
  • Dachshund Rescue of North America

These organizations will be able to offer direction and the following processes for adoption. If you're not sure if the breed is a suitable fit for your lifestyle, you might be able to test the waters by placing a dachshund in foster care.

Dachshund Overview

  • Good guard dogs

  • Comical and engaging

  • Snuggly and affectionate

  • Loud barking

  • Tough to housebreak

  • Can be difficult with kids or other pets

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

If you believe the dachshund is the breed for you, like with any breed, make careful to conduct extensive study before getting one. To find out more, speak to other dachshund owners, reliable breeders, and dachshund rescue organizations.

If you are interested in comparing similar breeds, check these for pros and cons:

There are many different  out there. With a little research, you can find the right one to bring home.

  • How do you pronounce dachshund?

    Dachshund is pronounced dahks-hund.

  • How much does a dachshund cost?

    Depending on your location and availability, dachshund puppies cost anywhere from $500 to $2000.

  • What is a dapple dachshund?

    Dapple dachshunds have a dappled coat of many colors; it's more like a swirled or dotted pattern on top of a solid coat.

  • What is a piebald dachshund?

    Piebald dachshunds have cream or white coats, with spots and patches on top of that.