Rabbits are prone to a variety of diseases.

Black and white rabbit on examination table at vet's.

Rabbits are adored by many families who have the pleasure of caring for them. Rabbits, like other pets, are, regrettably, susceptible to a number of ailments and diseases. Some diseases are more frequent than others, and by learning about them, you may be able to prevent them or at the very least learn to recognize the signs and symptoms sooner, allowing you to get your rabbit care sooner.

Rabbit Teeth Problems

Rabbits have 28 teeth to aid in the grinding of their meal. These teeth, unlike those of a dog or cat, continue to develop throughout your rabbit's life. Without the right tools to keep these teeth trimmed (such as hay and safe wood), they might get overgrown and hinder your rabbit from eating.

Molar teeth (tooth at the rear of the mouth) can develop and form a bridge across the tongue, making chewing and swallowing difficult. Teeth that have grown out of control will starve your rabbit.

Incisors teeth (the front teeth) will grow and start curling into the cheeks or other parts of your rabbit's mouth. This is very painful and can also cause your rabbit to stop eating.

Abscessed teeth are uncomfortable for your rabbit and can be caused by trauma or periodontal disease. These teeth must be pulled to prevent the infection that has developed around them from spreading throughout your rabbit's body.

A trichobezoar is the official term for a hairball, but whatever you call it, rabbits can get them. Hairballs impede your rabbit's gastrointestinal system, making food impossible to pass through. Hairballs will sit and expand within your rabbit's stomach as they clean themselves and swallow hair, and can potentially cause a blockage because rabbits cannot vomit.

Hairballs may be avoided by brushing your rabbit on a regular basis, providing enough of clean water in a bowl, and providing a balanced diet and exercise. To help with digestion and the breakdown of ingested hair, some individuals offer their rabbits enzyme pills or fresh papaya. A rabbit with a hairball is forced to undergo surgery as a last resort.

Rabbit Reproductive Tumors

In domestic female rabbits, mammary, uterine, and ovarian cancers are all too prevalent, while testicular cancer does not go undetected in male rabbits. Spaying and neutering pet rabbits is suggested for a number of reasons, including the prevention of reproductive malignancies. Your rabbit's chances of having mammary cancer are considerably reduced if they are repaired (and they cannot acquire uterine, ovarian, or testicular malignancies if these organs have been removed). Consult your veterinarian about the hazards of spaying and neutering your rabbit, as well as the best age for the procedure.

Rabbit Ear Mites

Rabbits have enormous ears, but they aren't usually clean. Ear mites are tiny arachnids that feed on the wax and oil produced by rabbit ears. They irritate your rabbit, causing them to scratch, itch, and shake their heads. If the ear mites are left untreated, secondary illnesses such as bacterial and fungal infections might develop. In rabbit ears with ear mites, large volumes of black, crusty detritus are common.

Rabbits can get up ear mites from other rabbits, from being outside, and from our hands if we have recently touched an infected rabbit and subsequently stroked our own rabbit without washing. They're simple to prevent, but also to treat. Your veterinarian can diagnose them by looking at them under a microscope, but you may occasionally notice big clusters of them moving with your naked eye.

Rabbit Abscesses

While dental disease is a common source of abscesses in rabbits, these pus-filled pockets can be found anywhere over the animal. They can be found both inside on organs and externally on rabbit skin, making treatment challenging. The sort of bacteria found inside these abscesses is also a component that makes treatment more difficult because it doesn't require oxygen to live.

Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics, clearing out the abscess (if you can find it), and pain relievers for your rabbit. Abscesses are dangerous, and we don't always know why they develop, but they always require treatment since they don't go away on their own.

Rabbit E. Cuniculi

This protozoan may covertly infect the majority of pet rabbits, causing head tilts and convulsions as a result. E. cuniculi, or Encephalitozoon cuniculi, is a challenging illness that may or may not ever impact your rabbit. This protozoan can be introduced to your rabbit by urine (and immune-compromised people) and can live peacefully within them without harming them. Alternatively, your rabbit's health may be damaged owing to disease, stress, or other factors, and this protozoan may "awaken," causing harm to internal organs and neurological tissue, as well as convulsions and a head tilt. Sometimes these difficulties go away with therapy and your rabbit returns to normal, but other times we are left with a rabbit who has a lifetime head tilt and/or seizures. The treatment for this dreadful infection is generally fenbendazole, however the side effects of the neurological symptoms are what can be life threatening to your rabbit. Ileus happens when a rabbit stops eating and refuses to eat because their environment is whirling. Other drugs, as well as syringe feeding and fluid delivery, may be required to treat ileus.

Ileus is also known as gastrointestinal stasis since it happens when the intestines' regular peristalsis pauses. Because food does not pass through your rabbit's ileus, gas forms, and your rabbit refuses to eat and ceases defecating. This is a life-threatening situation that requires quick intervention, since rabbits with ileus can only live for 48-72 hours if left untreated. Syringe feeding green vegetable baby food and water is required right away, as is a trip to your veterinarian for prescriptions and possible fluid delivery.

Rabbit Bumblefoot

Bumblefoot, which is also found in pet rats, is a frequent condition in fat rabbits, rabbits that don't exercise, rabbits who sit and walk on a rough surface, and rabbits who like to sit in their unclean litter boxes or bedding. It's called pododermatitis, and it's treated with antibiotics, pain relievers, a new cage cleaning routine, and, in certain cases, food changes and bandaging. If your rabbit has bumblefoot, it is extremely uncomfortable, and they may hobble or refuse to move.