Dog Breeds with the Best Health

a mixed-breed dog headshot outdoors

Dogs, like people, can be genetically predisposed to certain health problems. Heart disease, cancer, orthopedic difficulties, allergies, and skin diseases are all common medical issues. However, certain dog breeds have long, robust lives and aren't renowned for major health problems. Of all, each dog is unique, and just because a breed is recognized for being healthy doesn't mean it won't have health problems. Nonetheless, genetics has a significant impact.

Here are 10 dog breeds that have relatively long lifespans with generally few health issues.

Tip

While genetics might predispose your dog to certain health issues, environment also plays a role. A nutritious diet, frequent exercise, and little stress all contribute to a dog's overall health. Consult your veterinarian about what constitutes a healthy lifestyle for your dog.

  • 01 of 10

    A beagle smiling and looking up

    The beagle is a moderately active, medium-sized dog with an average lifetime of 10 to 15 years. It is known for its excellent sense of scent and clever hunting skills. Beagles are typically healthy dogs. Eye and hip problems, as well as other breed-related health issues, frequently affect older dogs.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Hound

    Height: Two varieties: up to 13 inches; 13 to 15 inches

    Weight: Two varieties: under 20 pounds; 20 to 30 pounds

    Coat and Color: Close, hard, medium-length coat; colors include tricolor (tan, black, and white), red and white, lemon and white, and more

    Life Expectancy: 10 to 15 years

  • 02 of 10

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    The Australian cattle dog is an athletic and intelligent breed that may be a terrific running or trekking companion for active persons. The typical lifespan of these dogs is 12 to 16 years, and they have minimal health problems. However, owing to wear and tear, their energetic behavior can often result in joint or ligament disorders. Rest, medicine, or surgery are frequently used to treat these issues.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Herding

    Height: 18 to 20 inches (male); 17 to 19 inches (female)

    Weight: 35 to 50 pounds

    Coat and Color: Smooth double coat that comes in red or blue-gray

    Life Expectancy: 12 to 16 years

  • 03 of 10

    Chihuahua

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    Chihuahuas, despite their little size, show a lot of passion and intellect. It is also not uncommon for these little canines to survive for over 20 years. They are typically healthy for the most of their lives. However, the breed has been related to heart and eye disorders, as well as patellar luxation (loose kneecaps).

    Breed Overview

    Group: Toy

    Height: 5 to 8 inches

    Weight: Up to 6 pounds

    Coat and Color: Short-haired or long-haired coat that comes in numerous colors and patterns

    Life Expectancy: 14 to 16 years

  • 04 of 10

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    The greyhound is one of the world's fastest dog breeds. These canines live between 10 and 13 years on average. Throughout their lifetimes, they are typically healthy. They are, like other dogs with deep chests, prone to bloat and gastric torsion (stomach twisting), particularly if they eat too rapidly. This can be life-threatening, so keep an eye on what they're eating.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Hound

    Height: 28 to 30 inches (male); 27 to 28 inches (female)

    Weight: 65 to 70 pounds (male); 60 to 65 pounds (female)

    Coat and Color: Short, smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors

    Life Expectancy: 10 to 13 years

    Continue to 5 of 10 below.
  • 05 of 10

    Poodle

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    Poodles have a reputation for being prim and proper, yet they are everything but. Poodles are not only bright, but they are also exceedingly athletic. Poodles were really developed as hunting dogs. Poodles enjoy longer and healthier lives than many other breeds, with an average lifetime of 10 to 18 years. They are, however, prone to joint and eye problems.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Nonsporting (standard and miniature) or Toy (toy)

    Height: Standard: Over 15 inches; miniature: 10 to 15 inches; toy: up to 10 inches

    Weight: Standard: 60 to 70 pounds (male); 40 to 50 pounds (female); miniature: 10 to 15 pounds; toy: 4 to 6 pounds

    Coat and Color: Curly, dense, single-layer coat; comes in many colors, including white, black, gray, brown, and apricot

    Life Expectancy: 10 to 18 years

  • 06 of 10

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    The Havanese is a petite, intelligent dog that is easy to teach and incredibly friendly. It hails from Havana, Cuba, and is the only dog breed unique to the island. The average Havanese lives between 14 to 16 years. These canines are typically healthy, although some are predisposed to hearing loss.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Toy

    Height: 8.5 to 11.5 inches

    Weight: 7 to 13 pounds

    Coat and Color: Long, silky coat that comes in a variety of colors

    Life Expectancy: 14 to 16 years

  • 07 of 10

    Siberian Husky

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    The Siberian husky is a muscular, athletic dog with limitless energy, well renowned for its sled-pulling strength and endurance. It's perfect for folks who like everyday lengthy walks, runs, or treks. These dogs live for 12 to 16 years and are generally in good condition. Breeders have managed to eliminate some of the hereditary propensity to eye and hip problems in some dogs.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Working

    Height: 21 to 23.5 inches (male); 20 to 22 inches (female)

    Weight: 45 to 60 pounds (male); 35 to 50 pounds (female)

    Coat and Color: Dense double coat; comes in a variety of colors and patterns; blue, brown, or gold eyes

    Life Expectancy: 12 to 14 years

  • 08 of 10

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    Basenjis are bright, agile hunting dogs with a cat-like personality. In fact, instead of barking, they emit a yodeling sound and groom themselves like cats. The average longevity of these dogs is 13 to 14 years, and they seldom suffer significant health problems. However, hypothyroidism and hip issues are common in this breed.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Hound

    Height: 17 inches (male); 16 inches (female)

    Weight: 24 pounds (male); 22 pounds (female)

    Coat and Color: Short, smooth coat; curled tail; wrinkled forehead; coat colors come in brown, white, and fawn

    Life Expectancy: 13 to 14 years

    Continue to 9 of 10 below.
  • 09 of 10

    Border Collie

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    Border collies are motivated, bright, and athletic canines. They thrive in jobs and are capable of learning most activities, particularly those that take a lot of mental and physical effort. With an average lifetime of 12 to 15 years, these dogs are tough and robust, yet some are prone to deafness and epilepsy.

    Breed Overview

    Group: Herding

    Height: 19 to 22 inches (male); 18 to 21 inches (female)

    Weight: 30 to 55 pounds

    Coat and Color: Smooth or rough coat; colors include black and white, blue merle, sable, and more

    Life Expectancy: 12 to 15 years

  • 10 of 10

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    Mixed-breed dogs are the outcome of crossing purebred and mixed-breed canines. They aren't usually pedigreed or recognized, although they might inherit the good and poor characteristics of all the breeds in their ancestry. Despite this, because mixed-breed dogs have a far larger gene pool than purebred dogs, they are less likely to develop specific genetic problems. Mixed-breed dogs, like any other dog, are a product of their surroundings and might acquire illnesses like canine obesity if they don't live a healthy lifestyle.

    Breed Overview

    Group: N/A

    Height: Varies

    Weight: Varies

    Coat and Color: Varies

    Life Expectancy: Varies

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